What Is A Contemporaneous Mileage Log?
The IRS wants you to keep a “contemporaneous” mileage log. But, what does that actually mean? Let’s go over a recent court case to see what records you need to keep.
What Does The Tax Court Want From A Mileage Log
The Tax Court has reminded all business owners that you can’t wait until you’re audited to create records of your business mileage. Sam Kilpatrick, a CPA who should have known better, claimed that he drove 8,867 miles for his business during 2009. Therefore, he said he was entitled to a $4,477 mileage deduction.
Kilpatrick never kept a mileage log to record his business driving. When he was audited in 2011, he provided the IRS with a calendar with the dates he claimed to have driven for business circle and printouts from MapQuest.
The Tax Court found that these weren’t adequate records to substantiate his mileage deduction. It said that this “mileage log” was created over two years after the driving was supposed to have occurred. To pass muster with the IRS, a mileage log must be “made at or near the time” that the driving occurred.
The IRS wants you to keep a contemporaneous mileage log. Records kept daily are best, but they should at least be kept weekly. (Kilpatrick v. Comm’r, TC Memo 2016-166.)
What The IRS Wants From Your Mileage Log
The IRS wants you to record:
- Starting Odometer reading
- Overall business, commuting and non-commuting personal mileage
- Dates of your business trips
- Places you drove for work
- The business purpose of your trips.
Learn more about the IRS requirements for a mileage log here. The IRS does accept mileage logs created by apps like MileIQ. Some find it much easier to rely on a mileage tracking app like MileIQ because it’s automatically logging your trips for you.
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